The word hijab describes the act of covering up generally but is also used to describe the headscarves worn by Muslim women. These scarves come in many styles and colours. The passage of Surat al-Nur verse 30 to 31 nicely summarises the Quran’s teachings on hijab. Hijab is also the behaviour that reflects an attitude of being modest.
I begin with Allah’s name the Kind, the Caring
Men and women must behave modestly
30. Tell the believing men; they should lower their gaze and protect their chastity; this will make their lives purer. Allah is fully aware of what they do. 31. And tell the believing women; they too should lower their gaze, protect their chastity, and not expose their beauty except what is visible, and their head covers should be stretched over their breasts. They should only display beauty to their husbands, fathers, father in law, their sons, husband’s sons, brothers, nephews, nieces, women, slave maids, elderly male servants free of sexual desires, and children who are naive of women’s nakedness. Neither should they stamp their feet to draw attention to their hidden beauty. Believers turn to Allah in repentance together, so you may be successful.
Modesty is to dress decently, to speak politely and act with humility. We dress modestly because we recognise that we are worthy of being loved no matter how our bodies look. It’s being free of vanity and snobbery. Often expressed by not being proud or showing off. The Quran’s teachings on the Hijab represent modesty, it says don’t be pretentious and proud about your looks, conceal your bodily beauty and recognise that you are worthy because of your faith and actions.