Watch Dr Musharraf Hussain sharing his thoughts and analysis of Surat Al-Fajr. The surat begins by taking four oaths to draw our attention: the dawn, the time when the first light appears, the ten sacred nights of the twelfth lunar month of Dhu’l-Hijja, the month of pilgrimage, and the mystery of odd and even numbers. The odd may hint to Allah, who is the One, the Unique and cannot be compared with anything. In contrast, the even reminds how creation is not singular or one, only Allah is One. The surat reassures the Messenger ﷺ after mentioning these awesome phenomena, what you face in Makkah is what earlier prophets faced, so be patient. Reference is made to the ancient cities of Iram in the Arabian desert, Petra in modern-day Jordan, and the splendid temples of ancient Egypt with their tall columns. The surat points out how humans are unthankful to their Lord. At the slight loss of wealth or pain, they grumble and become impatient. They are sternly warned and told to renounce their bad habits. However, those who are mindful of Allah are promised a welcome of utter bliss.
In the name of Allah, the Kind, the Caring.
Reminders from past civilisations
1 By the dawn, 2 by the ten holy nights, 3 by the even and the odd numbers, 4 and by the night as it slips away! 5 Isn’t there a convincing oath for an intelligent person? 6 Haven’t you considered how your Lord dealt with the people of Ad; 7 of Iram with its lofty pillars, 8 the likes of which haven’t existed in other lands; 9 and the people of Thamud who carved homes out of rocks in the valley; 10 and the Pharaoh, his temples with massive columns? 11 Those who transgressed in the lands, 12 who brought about havoc throughout them 13 Your Lord let loose a scourge of suffering against them. 14 Your Lord is ever watchful.
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